Who are seafarers?

Seafarers are all persons, apart from the master, who are employed, engaged or working on board a Danish ship and who do not exclusively work on board while the ship is in port.

It is decisive whether the person works on board a ship with functions related to the ship and where this work is done, i.e. either at sea or in port.

Seafarers are, inter alia, persons who have been employed by a shipowner to do ship service on board a ship at sea, i.e. work performed by persons taking part in the ship's operation and maintenance as well as the provisioning of those on board. Furthermore, seafarers can be persons who perform repair and maintenance work on ships, special ship personnel who have been engaged to work at sea on board a ship as well as cleaning and catering personnel.

Persons who are merely transported by the ship, for example from a port to an offshore installation, and who do not do any work described in this section are not seafarers, but passengers. This means that they are, for example, not required to have an employment contract for seafarers, are not covered by the provisions on hours of rest and must not be issued with a health certificate.

If in doubt whether a person is a seafarer, please contact the Danish Maritime Authority.


Seafarers, Certification and Social Affairs
Maria Casparij, Head of Section
+45 72 19 61 32