Conditions of employment

​​​​​Here, seafarers and fishermen can get an overview of the provisions that regulate their conditions of employment on board the ship and if they go ashore. There is also guidance for the individual shipowners in connection with applications for approvals and permits.

Read more about:

​Maritime Labour Convention

The Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) entered into force on 20 August 2013 in Denmark and internationally.

The purpose of the MLC is to ensure all aspects of seafarers' conditions of employment - from the conclusion of employment contracts over the right to repatriation, to occupational health and social security. Seafarers' rights under the MLC have been transposed into Danish law by the act on seafarers' conditions of employment, etc. and by executive orders issued pursuant to this act. You can read more under the overview of regulations.

It is important to note that the MLC applies only to seafarers and not to fishermen.

​MLC agreement between ECSA and EFT

In 2008, the European Community Shipowners' Associations (ECSA) and the European Transport Workers' Federation (ETF) concluded an agreement on the transposition of the Maritime Labour Convention into EU law. The agreement is attached as an annex to directive 2009/13/EC. Only parts of sections 1 to 4 of the MLC are included in the agreement.

The master must ensure that a copy of the agreement between ECSA and ETF is available to the crew on board. Access to the agreement can be in electronic form, for example as a PDF file or as a direct link.

Seafarers' rights and obligations

The Danish Maritime Authority has prepared a guide which aims at creating a basic overview of the rights and duties that comes with the employment as a seafarer. The special rules applicable to masters and ship’s officers are not included.

Please contact the Danish Maritime Authority in case of any questions.



Seafarers, Certification and Social Affairs
Søfarende og certifikater
+45 72 19 60 00