Act on safety at sea
Notice A from the Danish Maritime Authority, occupational health in ships
Act on safety investigations of marine accidents
The Danish regulations on occupational health apply to all work carried out on
board ships and prescribe that the obligations rest with the shipowners,
masters, foremen and other persons carrying out work on board. The regulations
implement EU directives on the health and safety of employees during work,
including pregnant employees, employees who have just given birth or who are
breast-feeding. The regulations concern the planning and arrangement of the
work, the performance of the work, training and instructions, control of
occupational health, general preventive principles as well as occupational
health effects (physical, biological and chemical ones). In addition, there are
special regulations on young persons' work on board ships, including certain
types of work that must not be carried out by young persons below the age of
The planning and arrangement of the work presupposes that a
workplace assessment is made which must be available in writing to the extent
that it is of special importance to health and safety during work. The workplace
assessment must, inter alia, be made in consideration of the best possible
prevention of accidents or occupational injuries.
Occupational accidents and injuries
The master of any ship must report occupational accidents and incidents of
poisoning that have occurred on board the ship if the accident or the poisoning
has lead to incapacity for work for one day or more in addition to the day of
the incident or if the injured person has not been able to carry out his or her
usual work on board for one day or more in addition to the day of the
The safety organisation on board
In merchant ships with a fixed manning of 4 or more persons, a safety
organisation must be established.
The members of a safety group must
have completed a course in occupational health approved by the Danish Maritime
The members of the safety organisation must strive to solve
health- and safety-related problems on board.
The safety group must
check that the working conditions and the work are arranged and carried out in a
manner that is appropriate in terms of health and safety.
Seahealth Denmark, etc.
Seahealth Denmark has been established the
task of which is to further both the physical and mental health and safety of
the employees, to prevent occupational health injuries, including occupational
accidents, occupational diseases and attrition among those employed on Danish
merchant ships and to support the safety organisations of the ships. The tasks
of Seahealth Denmark are, inter alia, to identify and assess the occupational
health problems of the merchant fleet in cooperation with the shipping company
and the safety organisation, to present proposals for improving the conditions
of health and safety on board merchant ships and to contribute to the collection
and revision of statistical material on the conditions of health and safety on
merchant ships. Seahealth Denmark is headed by a board on which shipowners and
seafarers are equally represented.
Pursuant to the act on safety investigations of
marine accidents, a Maritime Accident Investigation Board has been
established, which investigates very serious accidents at sea.
occupational accidents are investigated by the Danish Maritime Authority.
Read more about occupational health